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MINISTRY OF HEALTH

VIETNAM ADMINISTRATION

OF HIV/AIDS CONTROL

HIV/AIDS STATUS AND TRENDS IN VIETNAM.

10:36' AM - Thursday, 05/11/2009


OBJECTIVE: To describe the status of and trends in HIV infections in defined populations in Vietnam. METHODS: Surveillance was started in eight provinces in 1994, expanded to 12 in 1995 and to 20 in 1996, and to 30 provinces in 2000. Sentinel populations were sexually transmitted diseases (STD) patients, female sex workers (FSW), injecting drug users (IDU), tuberculosis (TB) patients, antenatal women and military conscripts. Samples were collected twice a year for high risk and one a year for low risk populations. Yearly sample size for each site was 400 for high risk and 80 for low risk population. RESULTS: The overall HIV epidemic in Vietnam comprises of different epidemics. It is primarily associated with injecting drug use, but its extent is highly variable throughout the country. Overall, HIV prevalence is increasing in all target populations. HIV prevalence among IDU increased from 9.4% in 1996 to 29.3% in 2002. HIV prevalence among FSWs increased from 0.6% in 1994 to 6.6% in 2002. Since 1998, there has also been a rapid increase of HIV infection among FSWs in Ho Chi Minh City and Hanoi. HIV prevalence among STDs increased from 0.5% in 1994 to 2.9% in 2001. The increase of HIV prevalence rates among younger age groups of IDUs and FSWs since 1998 suggests an increase in HIV incidence rates among these populations. HIV prevalence among antenatal women is still low, under 0.5%, but also increasing. CONCLUSION: Vietnam's HIV epidemic is predominantly and rapidly increasing among IDUs. However, the HIV prevalence rates among FSWs and STD patients are on the rise and are still very low among antenatal women and army conscripts. More effective and appropriate interventions are urgently needed to slowdown HIV epidemics in Vietnam. Keywords: HIV, prevalence, trend, sentinel surveillance.

Publication Types:
Meeting Abstracts
Keywords:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Disease Outbreaks
Female
HIV Infections
HIV Seropositivity
Humans
Incidence
Prevalence
Sentinel Surveillance
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Vietnam
Other ID:
GWAIDS0023791
UI: 102263415
From Meeting Abstracts

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